《想拍好照片就读这本书》英文原版 . 馨心中译【02 视觉引导线】

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Amber梁馨心·LoFoTo:




The Var department.


Hyéres, France


Henri Cartier-Bresson


1932



Look for the leading lines 寻找视觉引导线


Great compositions take you on a journey. Your eyes are guided around the image on a specific path, leading to where the photographer want to take you.


极好的构图会带你踏上别样的旅程,你的视线会被照片中的特殊路径所引导,引导至摄影师想带你抵达的那个地方。


Here, Henri Cartier-Bresson has taken a simple scene and created something beautiful. Instantly the strong, downward point of view makes us feel like we’re falling into the composition. Soon our eyes latch onto the foreground railings and descend down the steps. As the railings bend to the left, the verb becomes more dominant. Only then do we are around to reach the subject- a man racing past on a bike.


这里所展示的,是由亨利.卡蒂尔-布列松所拍摄的一张以简单场景创造出妙不可言美丽的照片。下旋的视角给人以强烈视觉冲击,瞬间令我们感觉自己已跟随主线坠入到构图之中。接着我们会专注于前景的栏杆并随之滑下阶梯。在栏杆弯向左侧的衬托下,动态目标才更具主导性。直到那时我们才捕捉到照片的主题——一个男人正骑着自行车快速穿过。


This tightly controlled visual journey is called a ‘leading line’ and photographers love them.


这被严格掌控过程的视觉之旅即被称作“视觉引导线”,摄影师们都爱它~


Use leading lines to give your composition structure and draw the viewer to key elements.


使用视觉引导线来做布局结构并引导观众至你想要表达的关键元素。


One main leading line is often all you need and they’re at their most powerful when they sweep in from the edge of the frame.


一条主要视觉引导线往往就是你最需要的,而当它们可以从画面边缘切入时,将发挥出最强有力的视觉冲击效果。


If you keep your eyes peeled you’ll find leading lines everywhere, from the converging rails of a train track, to the branch of a tree or the cracks in a rock face- and don’t be shy about making these lines very overt in your image.


如果你留心观察,就可以在任何地方找到视觉引导线,从火车轨道汇聚的钢轨,到树的分支节点,又或者岩石表面的裂纹——还有,可千万别羞于在你的照片中展示它们哟~


In this case, Cartier-Bresson makes our eyes travel in a slingshot motion around the image to heighten its very essence-movement.


就这样,卡蒂尔-布列松带给我们如回旋镖游走路径般的视觉之旅,令时刻间的精彩捕捉愈加升华。






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